Best Practices in HSI - Manpower and Personnel
Manpower analysts are engaged early in the acquisition process to
determine the appropriate number and skill level of personnel necessary to
safely and effectively perform the missions of the newly acquired asset. Manpower analysis can be a major determinant of program cost and
affordability and the successful completion of the intended missions.
The following are examples of issues that may arise if manpower analysis is
There may not be enough people to
execute the mission.
A shortfall in the number of personnel available to perform
the mission may lead to a variety of problems, including the inability to (a) perform the desired
mission, (b) operate the equipment or gear, and (c) ensure safe working conditions.
The available manpower may not be correctly utilized.
Lack of clearly defined roles and effective team
communication, coordination, and cooperation can result in an inefficient workflow where the available
manpower is not optimally utilized.
There may be too many people required for simple
Reducing manpower requirements is a major goal in today's
military operations. This reduction can provide significant cost savings over the life of a system.
Reducing the number of personnel necessary to complete certain tasks may reduce the overall
manpower numbers at a given location or given designator, which then could reduce strain on
manpower allocations as well as training resources.
A sufficient number of people with the required
skills may not be available.
Manpower shortages can often lead to commanders facing the
issue of being forced to "use what they have," even when the personnel do not possess the
There may be a need for people to perform multiple
roles, due to a limited number of staff.
When manpower numbers fall short of what is optimal for
staffing, those personnel who remain will often be compelled to perform multiple roles.
The training pace may not be able to keep up with
Training personnel for new assignments has the effect of
taking them away from their current duties, thus possibly creating a manpower shortage.
High turnover may reduce the effectiveness of team
High personnel turnover can disrupt efficient communication
and coordination of team activities.
Shifts may be too long because sufficient staff is
Inadequate numbers of personnel (i.e., manpower shortages)
can lead to longer shift lengths and not enough time off.